Map of Spinal Column

Segmental spinal Cord level and Function
Level Function
Cl-C6 Neck flexors
Cl-T1 Neck extensors
C3, C4, C5 Supply diaphragm
C5, C6 Shoulder movement, raise arm (deltoid); flexion of elbow (biceps); C6
 externally rotates the arm (supinates)
C6, C7, C8 Extends elbow and wrist (triceps and wrist extensors); pronates wrist
C7, C8, Tl Flexes wrist
C8, Tl Supply small muscles of the hand
Tl -T6 lntercostals and trunk above the waist
T7-Ll Abdominal muscles
Ll, L2, L3, L4 Thigh flexion
L2, L3, L4 Thigh adduction
L4, L5, S1 Thigh abduction
L5, S1 S2 Extension of leg at the hip (gluteus maximus)
L2, L3, L4 Extension of leg at the knee (quadriceps femoris)
L4, L5, S1, S2 Flexion of leg at the knee (hamstrings)
L4, L5, S1 Dorsiflexion of foot (tibialis anterior)
L4, L5, S1 Extension of toes
L5, S1, S2 Plantar flexion of foot
L5, S1, S2 Nexion of toes


Related links:

Paralyzed Veterans of America: PVA Publications -- Expected Outcomes: What You Should Know
This series of eight guides describes outcomes according to level of spinal cord injury (C1-3, C4, C5, C6, C7-8, T1-9, T10-L1 and L2-S5). Each guide provides individual guidance on what people with different levels of SCI can reasonably expect to do for themselves one year after injury; what help will be needed with daily life tasks at home, at work, and in the community; and what equipment can help make a person with SCI more independent. This information can help people with SCI and those who care for them to understand the present and plan for the future.

Download individual electronic copies:

Anatomy of the Spinal Cord and How it WorksAnatomy of the Spinal Cord and How it Works Spinal Cord Injury: Causes, Effects and ClassificationsSpinal Cord Injury: Causes, Effects and Classifications Spinal Cord Injury: High Cervical LevelSpinal Cord Injury: High Cervical Level Spinal Cord Injury: Low Cervical LevelSpinal Cord Injury: Low Cervical Level Spinal Cord Injury: Thoracic LevelSpinal Cord Injury: Thoracic Level Levels of Function in Spinal Cord InjuryLevels of Function in Spinal Cord InjuryVideo on HTML by v1.11

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Last Modified: Sunday, 16-Jul-2023 10:56:18 PDT